books

All good things must come to an end

Over the course of the last three years The Art of Polemics has served as a small non-profit magazine where history students, and intellectual voices were given a platform to participate in discussions about history, philosophy, and history. However like all good things, this must too come to an end. Yet this is not the total end of The Art of Polemics. The website will … Continue reading All good things must come to an end

1280px-jmw_turner_-_modern_rome_-_campo_vacino

On The Politics of The Individual

It has been the case, more often than not, throughout history that individuals have sought the validation of others. In fact the central facet of an individual’s life may be based on the idea that he or she necessitates the approval, the ever present nod of others in order to persevere in one’s life. The emotional, or rather the sentimental remains the very poison which … Continue reading On The Politics of The Individual

Skyline

New Libertarian Foundations

The ethos of libertarian thought lies solely, and resolutely in the idea that the freedom of the individual must be an absolute, as long as no harm is brought to others. This is by no means a new concept, but one that has been shared by all great libertarian thinkers, from Friedman to Rand. Yet the decrepit state of current intellectual strains of libertarian-ism has … Continue reading New Libertarian Foundations

Zhang Xioagang-Kaiser Ritter Partner/Vaduz. By René Lüchinger.

Repression in Zhang Xiaogang’s “Comrade”: The State, The Individual, and The Psyche

Zhang Xiaogang’s “Comrade” undoubtedly deals with the repression of the individual as a result of the hegemonic culture present in China. This is of no surprise as the totalitarian forces of the Chinese state have made it difficult to distinguish the line between the individual and the masses, in an attempt to normalize deindividuation in an Orwellian fashion. Therefore Zhang Xiaogang’s depiction is not one that simply deals with politics, … Continue reading Repression in Zhang Xiaogang’s “Comrade”: The State, The Individual, and The Psyche

George III

The Peace that Changed North America: The 1763 Treaty of Paris

There have been many Treaties of Paris throughout the modern era. Perhaps the best known of these are the treaties of Versailles (1919) and Saint-Germain (1919), that brought an end to World War I, and which are named after the Parisian suburbs where they were signed. However, the 1763 Treaty of Paris is one of the key documents of eighteenth century history. Indeed, it is … Continue reading The Peace that Changed North America: The 1763 Treaty of Paris

Lesbia and her Sparrow. By Edward Poynter, 1907.

Cicero’s Antipathy Towards Clodia Metelli

Clodia Metelli, vindictively referred to as the “Medea of the Palatine” by Cicero, like most Roman matronas was a woman in a man’s world. The prevalent consensus in modern historiography has her placed as a subject not only presented through men’s writing, but also through their tendentious intents. Thus, the question is how do the few sources that exist actually depict Clodia as a Roman woman, and what is their credibility? … Continue reading Cicero’s Antipathy Towards Clodia Metelli

books

People don’t care about learning anymore?

Too many people today do not put enough emphasis on the importance of being educated. I do not mean having a hundred thousand dollar degree from some university but actually having the initiative to read a few books. People do not understand that a real education is up to the person in question, not to that of institutions or governments. The amount of study one employs … Continue reading People don’t care about learning anymore?

Raynal 1780

What Was Raynal’s Message To The World?

Raynal’s dauntless argument centers around the belief that liberty is an inherent right granted to men on all levels of the societal structure. Without the power of freedom, man is only as equal to a dog without any will, forced at the command of his master. Yet the unmistakable difference between the master and the slave, is that the master’s only power is to unshackle … Continue reading What Was Raynal’s Message To The World?

Joseph McCarthy, Library of Congress.

Was E. Herbert Norman Really a Spy?

On April 4th, 1957, E. H Norman, Canadian ambassador to Egypt, shocked the world by leaping off the Swedish embassy in Cairo. After 18 years of serving in Canada’s interests overseas, in the Department of External Affairs, his death horrified Canadians with the realization that they were not insusceptible to the socio-political tensions of the Cold War. Canadian media outlets blamed the U.S. and claimed … Continue reading Was E. Herbert Norman Really a Spy?